Information is the oxygen of democracy. If people do not know what is happening in their society, if the actions of those who rule them are hidden, then they cannot take a meaningful part in the affairs of that society. But information is not just a necessity for people – it is an essential part of...
August, 29 1999
Broadcasting is by far the most important source of information, as well as of entertainment, for most people in countries around the world. High levels of illiteracy along with the difficulty of distributing newspapers mean that broadcasting is the only media which is accessible for many people....
August, 29 2002
Most countries around the world, with a few notable exceptions, have a national publicly funded broadcaster. These broadcasting organisations can make an important contribution to the public’s right to a diversity of information and viewpoints, and the free flow of information and ideas. However,...
August, 29 2005
The right to information is guaranteed in international law, including as part of the guarantee of freedom of expression in Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Many countries around the world are now giving legal effect to the right, both by enshrining access to...
August, 29 2001
International Media Support
While Algerian print media was liberalised with the introduction of private ownership in a reform package in 1989, ownership of audio-visual media (TV and radio), which constituted the largest sector of media consumption in Algeria, had remained a monopoly of the state over two decades. This report...
August, 29 2016
Global Transparency Initiative
The right to information plays a crucial role in promoting a range of important social values. Information has been described as the oxygen of democracy. It is a key underpinning of meaningful participation, an important tool in combating corruption and central to democratic accountability. A free...
August, 26 2016
The media’s contribution to the creation and sustaining of functioning democracies and their potential to serve as a catalyst for human development provide the justification for UNESCO’s media development efforts. Free, independent and pluralistic media empower citizens with information that...
August, 24 2008
- General Resources
- International Standards
- Policy Documents and Recommendations
- Broadcasting Law
- Digital Rights
- Hate Speech
- Media Development
- National Security and Terrorism
- Policy and Regulation
- Protection of sources
- Protection of the Sacred and Blasphemy
- Public Service Broadcasting
- Registration / licensing of journalists
- Regulation of journalists
- Right to Information
- Statutory professional bodies
Centre for Law and Democracy
Recent years have seen the formation of private sector empires in the online world that hold unprecedented power over how people access information and communicate. Although these tech giants earned their position by developing new and innovative products, and their businesses support the spread of...
August, 24 2016
The composition of public broadcast media boards in democratic countries - 2014 workshop proceedings
Association Vigilance for Democracy and the Civic State
This report contains the outcome of works and a workshop entitled "boards, audio-visual institutions of public administration in the combination of democratic countries", organized on March 6, 2014 by Association "Yakadha" for democracy and Civil State, and was attended by Tunisian and...
May, 26 2014
World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development – Special Digital Focus 2015 provides a substantive analysis of key areas identified in the first World Trends as particularly relevant for further study, namely the issues of: online hate speech, protection of journalism sources, and the...
June, 15 2015